Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators
The statistical scope encompasses scientific research institutions affiliated to the land and resources departments of the state,various provinces,autonomous regions,and municipalities directly under the central government that engage in land and resources scientific research and are independentl egal persons.
Employed Personnel—refer to the total sum of persons of various kinds who are organized and arranged and paid for work directly by an institution,including permanent staff and workers,contract labors,recruited workers and reemployed retirees,but excluding retirees and persons whose job is retained but salary is suspended.
S ＆ T(Scientific and Technological)professional—refer to professional technical persons with an education background at and above the technical secondary school level or the junior technical title(post)and those promoted from working practice.They also include cadres who have obtained professional technical titles and conduct science and technology management or Party and government leading work closely related to science and technology management.
Personnel Engaged in S ＆ T Activities—refer to the personnel engaged in science and technology management,research subject activities,and related services among the employees.
S ＆ T Managerial Personnel—refers to presidents of academies,directors of institutes,and personnel in charge of professional and personnel administration,including personnel directly engaged in such work related to science and technology activities as plan management,research subject management,research results management,patent management,statistics,archives management,foreign affaires related to science and technology,personnel administration,education and training,and finance.
Personnel Engaged in Research Subject Activities—refer to the personnel who belong to the establishment of research sections or subject teams.
If one person undertakes two activities simultaneously,e.g.both science and technology management and research subject activity,he/she will be listed in the line according to his/her establishment;for example,if he/she belongs to the establishment of managerial personnel,he/she will be listed in the line of science and technology managerial personnel.
Retirees—refer to persons who retired from an organization and get their pensions in the organization over the years.
Technical Professional Title—refers to the professional technical title of a person engaged in science and technical activities in an organization.For an organization that has not implemented the system for appointment of technical professional posts,the line will be filled up according to the original technical professional title.
Senior—refers to senior researchers and associate senior researchers,professors and associate professors,senior engineers,senior agronomists,chief and deputy chief doctors(physicians,surgeons,pharmacists,nurses,and technicians),senior experimenters,senior statisticians,senior economists,senior accountants,senior editors and associate senior editors,senior translators and a Ssociate Senior translators,senior(chief)correspondents(reporters),and senior librarians and associate librarians.
Intermediate—refers to assistant researchers,lecturers,engineers,agronomists,doctors(physicians,surgeons,pharmacists,nurses,and technicians)in charge,experimenters,statisticians,economists,accountants,editors,translators,correspondents(reporters),and librarians.
Junior—refers to research a ssistants,tutors,assistant engineers and technicians,assistant agronomists and agricultural technicians,practitioners(pharmacists,nurses,and technicians)(generally with secondary medical school education),assistant experimenters and junior experimenters,assistant statisticians and junior statisticians,assistant economists,assistant accountants and junior accountants,assistant editors and editors on probation,assistant translators,assistant correspondents(reporters),and assistant librarians and keepers(managerial persons).
Research Subject—refers to the task determined by an organization in the current year for solving special(specific)science and technology problems with respect to disciplines(specialties),relevancy of stages of science and technical activities,and main expression form of research results.
Number of Research Subjects—refers to the research subjects/projects included in the plan of an organization or recognized by the administration department of an organization and undertaken in the current year,including new subjects/projects initiated in the current year and those transferred from last year.
S ＆ T Papers—refer to articles published in national academic journals and those formally distributed by universities and colleges affiliated to provinces and ministries and published in foreign journals.
Published Abroad—refers to articles published as foreign-language papers or abstracts in various international academic conferences,meetings,symposia,and lectures and articles included published in international proceedings and international academic journals(including academic journals distributed abroad by China).
S ＆ T Works—refer to scientific and technological monographs,text-books of universities and colleges,and popular science books compiled,printed,and published by formal publishing establi Shments.If scientific and technological papers and works are co-written with other colleagues outside the organization,in order to prevent from duplicated statistics,only the papers and works whose first authors are scientific and technological persons of the organization are included in statistics.The books with the same title are considered to be one entry,which is unrelated to the amount of distribution of the book.
Number of Awards—refers to the number of various scientific and technological results prizes won as the first completion organization in the current year from science and technology administration departments of governments at and above the prefecture(municipal)level.
State Level Awards—refers to the National Natural Science Prize,State Invention Prize,State Scientific and Technological Progress Prize,and State Scientific and Technological Results Prize.
Ministerial Level Awards—refers to important scientific and technological results prizes and scientific and technological progress prizes issued in the name of various department of the State Council or issued in the name of governments(commissions of science and technology)of provinces,autonomous regions,or municipalities directly under the central government.